A Reference List for Fort Edwards
Hampshire County Crisis: April 1756; by Terry Gruber; The Fort Edwards Foundation, Capon Bridge, WV, 1999 [a well researched monograph about one of the most terrible months of French and Indian attacks on the Virginia frontier.] Copies available from The Fort Edwards Foundation.
The French and Indian War in Frederick County, Virginia, by Norman Baker; Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, Winchester, Virginia, 2000. [This book contains a very good 123 page narrative about the war on the old Frederick County frontier (including current counties in West Virginia) and also what is probably the most complete listing of forts on the Virginia frontier.]
Colonial Records of the Upper Potomac, Volume Six, The French and Indian War and Frontier Devastation 1755-1761 by William H. Rice; McClain Printing Co., Parsons, W. Va., 2016. ISBN 0-87012-872-8. This book and the earlier five volumes of the series are available from the Estate of William Rice, P.O. Box 303, Elkins, WV 26241; $29 + $3 p&h; WV addresses + 6% tax]
Frontier Forts Along the Potomac and Its Tributaries, by William Ansel; McClain Printing Company, Parsons, West Virginia, 1984 [a well documented reference to colonial Virginia frontier forts, the work does have some mistakes as certain types of records were not researched and this subject is a very difficult one to get contemporary, authoritative information on.] Note: Frontier Forts Along the Potomac is available in Romney on East Main from the law office of Charles Carl (304)822-4187
History of Hampshire County, West Virginia, From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present; by Hu Maxwell and H. L. Swisher; A. Brown Boughner, Morgantown, WV, 1897 (reprinted by McClain Printing Company, Parsons, WV, 1972) [This is the most important and complete history of the county; note that much of the information is anecdotal. Covers periods from earliest days to late 1800s.]
A History of the Valley of Virginia by Samuel Kercheval, Woodstock, Va., 1850 [This is one of the most important sources for research on the colonial Virginia northern frontier; although much of the information is anecdotal, it does contain information and stories found no where else. Kercheval was broadly copied by later authors.]
The Virginia Frontier, 1754-1763; by Louis K. Koontz; Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1925 [reprint: Heritage Books, Bowie, MD, 1992. (301)390-7709] [Gives a coordinated and documented history of the era of the French and Indian War on the Colonial Virginia frontier.]
Capon Valley: Its Pioneers and Descendants, 1698-1940; by Maud Pugh; originally published in two volumes in 1946 and 1948. (republished as a single indexed volume) [Miss Pugh often refers to items for which no current documents are available; although her work has some of the mistakes and inconsistencies of early genealogies and anecdotal histories, her work is among the most important sources for Hampshire County genealogies and family histories.]
George Washington and the Virginia Backcountry; ed. by Warren Hofstra; Madison House Publishers, Madison, WI, 1998 [This is a new book which deals in depth with the area of Hampshire County in Washington's day and his effect on it and its effect on him. There are two chapters of special interest: one on Washington the surveyor and the other on Washington's experience as Commander of the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War.]
For King and Country, George Washington, the Early Years; by Thomas A.
Breaking the Backcountry: The Seven Years' War in Virginia and Pennsylvania, 1754-1765 by Matthew Ward; University of Pittsburgh Press, 2003. [This book is the best work covering actual incidents on the frontiers of Penn., Virginia and Maryland relating to Indian attacks and strategy of the frontier conflict.]
The Papers of George Washington: Colonial Series, edited by W. W. Abbott; University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, VA, 1983 [The most authoritative collection of George Washington's papers with many footnotes. Volumes 1-6 cover the period of his surveying and commanding the Virginia Regiment in Hampshire County.]
French and Indian War Notices Abstracted from Colonial Newspapers, ed. by Armand Francis Lucier; Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, Maryland, 1999. This is a series of three volumes: Vol. 1: 1754-1755; volume 2: 1756-1757; volume 3: Jan 1, 1758-September 17, 1759. These are transcriptions of contemporary articles from eighteen colonial newspapers of articles related to the French and Indian War. Each volume is indexed. An outstanding resource.
Other sources and books of interest:
Historical Records of Old Frederick and Hampshire Co., Va.; by Wilmer L. Kerns; [Contains genealogical information on the Edwards and other early Hampshire County families.]
Historic Romney, 1762-1937; sponsored by The Town Council; Romney, 1937. [Deals primarily with the Town of Romney.]
A Colonial Feast in Capon Bridge;
by Roberta Munske & Charles Hall; The Fort Edwards Foundation,
Capon Bridge, 1997 [A collection of delights that local history buffs have brought to the famous Colonial Feast sponsored by the Foundation; sales help preserve and interpret the site of Joseph Edwards home and fort.]
Books on the French and Indian War:
Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766, by Fred Anderson [This book is considered the current definitive work on the Seven Years War and the move toward the Revolutionary War. It is a long work with about 100 pages of notes, but it is very readable. The first 200 or so pages deal specifically with the events of the French and Indian War. It is available in both hardback and softcover.]
Forgotten Heroes of the Maryland Frontier: Christopher Gist, Evan Shelby, Jr., Thomas Cresap, by Allan R. Powell
Maryland and the French and Indian War; by Allan Powell. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1998.
Fort Loudon: Winchester's Defense in the French and Indian War; by Allan Powell. Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company, 1990
Fort Cumberland; by Allan Powell. Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company,1989.
Fort Frederick: Potomac Outpost; by Allan Powell. Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company, 1988.
The Ohio Company of Virginia and the Westward Movement, 1748-1792 by Kenneth P. Bailey; Wennawoods Publishing, Lewisburg, PA, 2000 (originally published 1939). This book deals extensively with the role that the Ohio Company and to a lessor extent its Virginia competitors played in forcing the frontier westward. It is a very readable study of the Virginia contribution to the causes of the War and covers many events and people of interest to those living on what was the frontier. Reprint available from Wennawoods Publishing: www.wennawoods.com.
Christopher Gist's Journal with Historical, Geographical and Ethnological Notes and Biographies of his Contemporaries, by William M. Darlington; a facsimile reprint by Heritage Books, Bowie, Maryland, 2002 www.heritagebooks.com [The biographies, notes and appendix are as valuable as the journal itself.]
George Croghan and the Westward Movement, 1741-1782 by Albert T. Volwiler; The Arthur H. Clark Company, Cleveland, 1926. Reprint available from Wennawoods Publishing: www.wennawoods.com.
William Trent and the West by Swell E. Slick; Archives Publishing Company of Pennsylvania, Inc., Harrisburg, PA, 1947
A Country Between: The Upper Ohio Valley and Its
Peoples, 1724-1774 by Michael N. McConnell; University
of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE, 1992. [This book deals with the
larger picture of Anglo-Indian political and cultural relations in this
era; it is not particular to our local frontier.]
For further information see:
The official records of Robert Dinwiddie, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony of Virginia, 1751-1758. First printed from the manuscript in the collections of the Virginia Historical Society, by R. A. Brock. Richmond, The Society, 1883-84. New York, AMS Press
Robert Dinwiddie: Servant of the Crown by John Richard Alden; The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, VA, 1973.
Robert Dinwiddie: His Career in American Colonial Government and Westward Expansion by Louis Knott Koontz; The Arthur H. Clark Company, Glendale, CA, 1941.
Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, compiled by Gertrude E. Gray; Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1987.
Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary Rifleman; by Don Higgenbotham. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1961.
George Washington and Winchester, Virginia, 1748 - 1758; by Garland R. Quarles. Volume VII, Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society Papers, 1974.
George Washington's First Journey to the Shenandoah Valley, March 11 to April 13, 1748; by Pat Gochenour. Map and text. Published by the author, 199?.
Colonial Frederick County Virginia; by Charles R. Thorne. 1991.
The Celoron Expedition to the Ohio Country 1749: The Reports of Pierre-Joseph Celoron and Father Bonnecamps; Edited by Andrew Gallup. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1997.
Calumet & Fleur-de-Lys, Archaeology of Indian and French Contact in the Midcontinent; edited by John A. Walthall and Thomas E. Emerson. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.
Colonial British America, Essays in the New History of the Early Modern Era; edited by Jack P. Greene and J. R. Pole. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.
The Explorers and Settlers, A Sourcebook on Colonial America; edited by Carter Smith; American Albums from the Collections of the Library of Congress, Brookfield, Conn., The Millbrook Press, 1991.
Note: a number of these books are available locally in the Capon Bridge Library and the Hampshire County Library.